Frequently Asked Questions
What is it?
A set of modules focusing on several key concepts focusing on data modeling, analysis, visualization and the (ab)use of data to tell (false) narratives. Each module lists its objectives and builds on a pedagogical narrative around the explanation of key concepts, e.g.,, the differences between correlations and causation. We extensively use the Data Commons platform to point to real world examples without needing to write a single line of code!
All material is provided publicly and free of charge, under a Creative Commons license (CC BY).
Who is this for?
Anyone and everyone. Instructors, students, aspiring data scientists and anyone interested in advancing their data comprehension and analysis skills without needing to code. For instructors, the rest of this page details the curriculum organization and how to find key concepts/ideas to use.
There are several excellent courses that range from basic data analysis to advanced data science. We make no claim about “Data Literacy with Data Commons” being a replacement for them. Instead, we hope for this curriculum to become a useful starting point for those who want to whet their appetite in becoming data literate. This material uses a hands on approach, replete with real world examples but without requiring any programming. It also assumes only a high-school level of comfort with Math and Statistics. Data Commons is a natural companion platform to enable easy access to data and core visualizations. We hope that anyone exploring the suggested examples will rapidly be able to explore more and even generate new examples and case studies on their own! If you end up finding and exploring new examples and case studies, please share them with us through this form. If you end up finding any of this material useful and would like to be notified of updates, do drop us a line.
What do we mean by data literacy?
What does it mean to be “data literate”? Unsurprisingly, the answer depends on who one asks: from those who believe it implies being a casual consumer of data visualizations (in the media, for example) to those who believe that such a person ought to be able to run linear regressions on large volumes of data in a spreadsheet. Given that most (or all) of us are proliferate consumers of data, we take an opinionated approach to defining “data literacy”: someone who is data literate ought to be comfortable with consuming data across a wide range of modalities and be able to interpret it to make informed decisions. And we believe that data literacy ought not to be exclusionary and should be accessible to anyone and everyone.
There is no shortage of data all around us. While some of it will always be beyond the comprehension of most of us, e.g., advanced clinical trials data about new drugs under development or data reporting the inner workings of complex systems like satellites, much of the data we consume is not as complex and should not need advanced degrees to consume and decipher. For example, the promise of hundreds of dollars in savings when switching insurance providers or that nine out of ten dentists recommend a particular brand of toothpaste or that different segments of the society (men, women, youth, veterans etc) tend to vote a certain way on specific issues. We consume this data regularly and being able to interpret it to draw sound conclusions ought not to require advanced statistics.
Unfortunately, data literacy has been an elusive goal for many because it has been gated on relative comfort with programming or programming-like skills, e.g., spreadsheets. We believe data literacy should be more inclusive and require fewer prerequisites. There is no hiding from a basic familiarity with statistics, e.g., knowing how to take a sample average—after all, interpreting data is a statistical exercise. However, for a large majority of us the consumption, interpretation and decision-making based on data does not need a working knowledge of computer science (programming).
As a summary, our view on “Data Literacy” can be described as follows:
- Ability to consume, understand, create, and communicate with data.
- Ability to make decisions based on data.
- And to do so confidently, i.e. reduce “data anxiety”.
- A skill for everyone, not just “data scientists”.
Why Data Commons?
Data Commons (datacommons.org) is an open and public access platform to all sorts of publicly available data in the world. From demographic data to economic/financial data to health indicators to weather/climate, Data Commons aggregates and makes available data about millions of places across over 130,000 variables, e.g., Population Growth Rate. Additionally, Data Commons also provides some out-of-the-box data analysis tools, e.g., timeline charts, maps, scatter plots and the ability to download the data.
For the purpose of the Data Literacy, the Data Commons platform becomes an important component of the curriculum because it helps satisfy several curriculum development objectives:
- Real Data Data Commons provides open and easy access to a plethora of publicly available real data.
- Open Access Data Commons is available to everyone at no cost and with no restrictions of use.
- No Programming Much of the Data Literacy curriculum expectations can be met by using the basic data analysis tools on the Data Commons website. While all of Data Commons’s data is available via APIs, that is not required for accessing the data and performing basic analyses.
- Customization When viewing or analyzing any data on the Data Commons website, e.g., the median household income in California, Nevada and Oregon, one can easily replace the places to display the same information for an entirely different set of locations, e.g., the median household income in Florida, Louisiana and Texas.
What topics are covered?
What is not covered?
We note that the curriculum objectives, themes, content and areas of focus are neither exhaustive nor a one size fits all. For example, we do not focus on the ethics of data collection in this curriculum. While these issues are of utmost importance, we chose to focus on a more basic and hands-on approach with the available resources. If you wish to help contribute any themes/topics that would supplement this material, please let us know on this form and we would love to work with you.
We also have more advanced “Data Science with Real Data” curriculum/course material.
How can I give feedback?
Data Literacy with Data Commons is constantly a work in progress and we aim to keep making additions and complete the “TBD” modules over time. If there are discrepancies or if you do not find what you are looking for and/or if you would like to contribute to this effort by helping develop more content (or have suggested corrections), we would love to hear from you.
Finally, if you end up using any of this material or find it useful, we would love to hear from you - please fill out this form.