Query the Data Commons Knowledge Graph using SPARQL

datacommons.query(query_string, select=None)

Returns the results of running a graph query on the Data Commons knowledge graph using SPARQL.


  • sparql (str): A SPARQL query string.

  • select (func accepting a row in the query result) - A function that selects rows to be returned by query. This function accepts a row in the results of executing query_string and return True if and only if the row is to be returned by query. The row passed in as an argument is represented as a dict that maps a query variable in query_string to its value in the given row.

This API only supports a subset of SPARQL keywords including:


In the query, each variable should have a typeOf condition, e.g. "?var typeOf City .".


A table, represented as a list of rows, resulting from executing the given SPARQL query. Each row is a dict mapping query variable to its value in the row. If select is not None, then a row is included in the returned list if and only if select returns True for that row.


  • ValueError - If the payload returned by the Data Commons REST API is malformed or the API key is not set.

Be sure to initialize the library, and specify the API key. Check the Python library setup guide for more details.



We would like to query for the name associated with three states identified by their DCIDs California, Kentucky, and Maryland.

>>> import datacommons as dc
>>> dc.set_api_key(YOUR_API_KEY_HERE)
>>> query_str = '''
... SELECT ?name ?dcid
... WHERE {
...   ?a typeOf Place .
...   ?a name ?name .
...   ?a dcid ("geoId/06" "geoId/21" "geoId/24") .
...   ?a dcid ?dcid
... }
... '''
>>> result = query(query_str)
>>> for r in result:
...   print(r)
{"?name": "Maryland", "?dcid": "geoId/24"}
{"?name": "Kentucky", "?dcid": "geoId/21"}
{"?name": "California", "?dcid": "geoId/06"}

Optionally, we can specify which rows are returned by setting select like so. The following returns all rows where the name is “Maryland”:

>>> selector = lambda row: row['?name'] == 'Maryland'
>>> result = query(query_str, select=selector)
>>> for r in result:
...   print(r)
{"?name": "Maryland", "?dcid": "geoId/24"}