Show Triples Associated with Node(s)

Given a list of nodes, return triples which are associated with the specified node(s).

A knowledge graph can be described as a collection of triples which are 3-tuples that take the form (s, p, o). Here, s and o are nodes in the graph called the subject and object respectively, while p is the property label of a directed edge from s to o (sometimes also called the predicate).

General information about this endpoint

URL: /node/triples

Methods available: GET, POST

Required arguments:

  • dcids: A list of nodes to query, identified by their DCID.

Optional arguments:

  • limit: The maximum number of triples per combination of property and type associated with nodes linked by that property to fetch, up to 500.

How to construct a request to the triples endpoint

Step 1: assembling the information you will need

This endpoint requires the argument dcids, which are unique node identifiers defined by Data Commons. Your query will need to specify the DCIDs for the nodes of interest.

In addition to this required property, this endpoint also allows you to specify a limit on how many triples (up to 500) you would like to see in the response.

Step 2: creating the request

When actually putting together your request, you can choose from two options. If you intend to query only a small number of DCIDs, you may want to use the simpler formatting offered by the GET method. For larger numbers of DCIDs, or if you prefer to utilize a static URL, a POST request likely makes more sense. To use it, make a POST request against the main endpoint while changing the fields of the JSON body it sends.

What to expect in the response

Your response will always look like this:

{
    "payload": "<payload string>",
}

Here “" is a long encoded JSON string, whose structure changes depending on whether the response contains node references. You can run JSON.parse() on the payload field to retrieve the data. For example, in JavaScript: `var data = JSON.parse(response['payload'])`.

When decoded, the response adheres to this structure:

{
    "<dcid>": {
        <Triples>
    },
    ...
}

While all triples contain subjects, predicates, and objects, those entities may be specified using any of a few possible fields. Here are possible keys that you may find associated to triples in the JSON response:

  • SubjectID
  • SubjectName
  • SubjectTypes
  • Predicate
  • ObjectID
  • ObjectName
  • ObjectValue
  • ObjectTypes
  • ProvenanceID

Example requests and responses

Example 1: Retrieve triples associated with squareMeter 1238495 (a land tract in southern Florida).

  • curl --request GET \
      --url 'https://api.datacommons.org/node/triples?dcids=SquareMeter1238495'
    
  • curl --request POST \
      --url https://api.datacommons.org/node/triples \
      --header 'content-type: application/json' \
      --data '{
    	"dcids": [
    		"SquareMeter1238495"
    	]
    }'
    

Response

Raw
{
  "payload": "{\"SquareMeter1238495\":[{\"subjectId\":\"SquareMeter1238495\",\"predicate\":\"value\",\"objectValue\":\"1238495\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/sm3m2w3\"},{\"subjectId\":\"SquareMeter1238495\",\"predicate\":\"unitOfMeasure\",\"objectId\":\"SquareMeter\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/sm3m2w3\"},{\"subjectId\":\"SquareMeter1238495\",\"predicate\":\"typeOf\",\"objectId\":\"Quantity\",\"objectName\":\"Quantity\",\"objectTypes\":[\"Class\"],\"provenanceId\":\"dc/sm3m2w3\"},{\"subjectId\":\"SquareMeter1238495\",\"predicate\":\"provenance\",\"objectId\":\"dc/sm3m2w3\",\"objectName\":\"https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files.html\",\"objectTypes\":[\"Provenance\"],\"provenanceId\":\"dc/sm3m2w3\"},{\"subjectId\":\"SquareMeter1238495\",\"predicate\":\"name\",\"objectValue\":\"SquareMeter 1238495\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/sm3m2w3\"},{\"subjectId\":\"geoId/12086008906\",\"subjectName\":\"Census Tract 89.06, Miami-Dade County, Florida\",\"subjectTypes\":[\"CensusTract\"],\"predicate\":\"landArea\",\"objectId\":\"SquareMeter1238495\",\"objectName\":\"SquareMeter 1238495\",\"objectTypes\":[\"Quantity\"],\"provenanceId\":\"dc/sm3m2w3\"}]}"
}
Parsed and prettified
{
  "payload": {
    "SquareMeter1238495": [
      {
        "subjectId": "SquareMeter1238495",
        "predicate": "value",
        "objectValue": "1238495",
        "provenanceId": "dc/sm3m2w3"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "SquareMeter1238495",
        "predicate": "unitOfMeasure",
        "objectId": "SquareMeter",
        "provenanceId": "dc/sm3m2w3"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "SquareMeter1238495",
        "predicate": "typeOf",
        "objectId": "Quantity",
        "objectName": "Quantity",
        "objectTypes": [
          "Class"
        ],
        "provenanceId": "dc/sm3m2w3"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "SquareMeter1238495",
        "predicate": "provenance",
        "objectId": "dc/sm3m2w3",
        "objectName": "https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files.html",
        "objectTypes": [
          "Provenance"
        ],
        "provenanceId": "dc/sm3m2w3"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "SquareMeter1238495",
        "predicate": "name",
        "objectValue": "SquareMeter 1238495",
        "provenanceId": "dc/sm3m2w3"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "geoId/12086008906",
        "subjectName": "Census Tract 89.06, Miami-Dade County, Florida",
        "subjectTypes": [
          "CensusTract"
        ],
        "predicate": "landArea",
        "objectId": "SquareMeter1238495",
        "objectName": "SquareMeter 1238495",
        "objectTypes": [
          "Quantity"
        ],
        "provenanceId": "dc/sm3m2w3"
      }
    ]
  }
}

Example 2: Retrieve the triples associated with two American biological research labs

  • curl --request GET \
      --url 'https://api.datacommons.org/node/triples?dcids=dc%2F02qyghln81jr4&dcids=dc%2F1jrmkql8dprv9'
    
  • curl --request POST \
      --url https://api.datacommons.org/node/triples \
      --header 'content-type: application/json' \
      --data '{
    	"dcids": [
    		"dc/02qyghln81jr4",
    		"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9"
    	]
    }'
    

Response

Raw
{
  "payload": "{\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\":[{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"url\",\"objectValue\":\"https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/alkes-price/contact/\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"typeOf\",\"objectId\":\"Lab\",\"objectName\":\"Lab\",\"objectTypes\":[\"Class\"],\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"status\",\"objectValue\":\"current\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"state\",\"objectValue\":\"MA\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"sameAs\",\"objectValue\":\"https://www.encodeproject.org/labs/alkes-price/\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"provenance\",\"objectId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\",\"objectName\":\"https://www.encodeproject.org/\",\"objectTypes\":[\"Provenance\"],\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"postalCode\",\"objectValue\":\"02115\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"pi\",\"objectValue\":\"https://www.encodeproject.org/users/bf09c1e0-52a5-4efb-acbd-88671257964d/\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"phone1\",\"objectValue\":\"617-432-2262\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"name\",\"objectValue\":\"Alkes Price, Harvard\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"instituteName\",\"objectValue\":\"Harvard University\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"instituteLabel\",\"objectValue\":\"Harvard\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"encodeUUID\",\"objectValue\":\"312078ef-953b-4483-8df2-99f920237306\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"country\",\"objectValue\":\"USA\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"city\",\"objectValue\":\"Boston\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"awards\",\"objectValue\":\"https://www.encodeproject.org/awards/U01HG009379/\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"address2\",\"objectValue\":\"Building 2, Room 211\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/02qyghln81jr4\",\"predicate\":\"address1\",\"objectValue\":\"665 Huntington Ave.\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"}],\"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9\":[{\"subjectId\":\"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9\",\"predicate\":\"typeOf\",\"objectId\":\"Lab\",\"objectName\":\"Lab\",\"objectTypes\":[\"Class\"],\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9\",\"predicate\":\"status\",\"objectValue\":\"current\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9\",\"predicate\":\"sameAs\",\"objectValue\":\"https://www.encodeproject.org/labs/andrew-fire/\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9\",\"predicate\":\"provenance\",\"objectId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\",\"objectName\":\"https://www.encodeproject.org/\",\"objectTypes\":[\"Provenance\"],\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9\",\"predicate\":\"pi\",\"objectValue\":\"https://www.encodeproject.org/users/0db98457-a91e-4cde-b058-a0c972c008e3/\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9\",\"predicate\":\"name\",\"objectValue\":\"Andrew Z. Fire, Stanford\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/jqclkhdw83dl5\",\"subjectTypes\":[\"EncodeBiosample\"],\"predicate\":\"lab\",\"objectId\":\"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9\",\"objectName\":\"Andrew Z. Fire, Stanford\",\"objectTypes\":[\"Lab\"],\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/9pz5fgt9b947h\",\"subjectTypes\":[\"EncodeBiosample\"],\"predicate\":\"lab\",\"objectId\":\"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9\",\"objectName\":\"Andrew Z. Fire, Stanford\",\"objectTypes\":[\"Lab\"],\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/8n2ybm28pe3fd\",\"subjectTypes\":[\"EncodeBiosample\"],\"predicate\":\"lab\",\"objectId\":\"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9\",\"objectName\":\"Andrew Z. Fire, Stanford\",\"objectTypes\":[\"Lab\"],\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9\",\"predicate\":\"instituteName\",\"objectValue\":\"Stanford\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9\",\"predicate\":\"encodeUUID\",\"objectValue\":\"db35b051-215c-4c1c-8e98-610d62d30def\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"},{\"subjectId\":\"dc/1jrmkql8dprv9\",\"predicate\":\"awards\",\"objectValue\":\"https://www.encodeproject.org/awards/R01GM037706/\",\"provenanceId\":\"dc/h2lkz1\"}]}"
}
Parsed and prettified
{
  "payload": {
    "dc/02qyghln81jr4": [
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "url",
        "objectValue": "https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/alkes-price/contact/",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "typeOf",
        "objectId": "Lab",
        "objectName": "Lab",
        "objectTypes": [
          "Class"
        ],
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "status",
        "objectValue": "current",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "state",
        "objectValue": "MA",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "sameAs",
        "objectValue": "https://www.encodeproject.org/labs/alkes-price/",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "provenance",
        "objectId": "dc/h2lkz1",
        "objectName": "https://www.encodeproject.org/",
        "objectTypes": [
          "Provenance"
        ],
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "postalCode",
        "objectValue": "02115",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "pi",
        "objectValue": "https://www.encodeproject.org/users/bf09c1e0-52a5-4efb-acbd-88671257964d/",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "phone1",
        "objectValue": "617-432-2262",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "name",
        "objectValue": "Alkes Price, Harvard",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "instituteName",
        "objectValue": "Harvard University",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "instituteLabel",
        "objectValue": "Harvard",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "encodeUUID",
        "objectValue": "312078ef-953b-4483-8df2-99f920237306",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "country",
        "objectValue": "USA",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "city",
        "objectValue": "Boston",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "awards",
        "objectValue": "https://www.encodeproject.org/awards/U01HG009379/",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "address2",
        "objectValue": "Building 2, Room 211",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/02qyghln81jr4",
        "predicate": "address1",
        "objectValue": "665 Huntington Ave.",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      }
    ],
    "dc/1jrmkql8dprv9": [
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/1jrmkql8dprv9",
        "predicate": "typeOf",
        "objectId": "Lab",
        "objectName": "Lab",
        "objectTypes": [
          "Class"
        ],
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/1jrmkql8dprv9",
        "predicate": "status",
        "objectValue": "current",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/1jrmkql8dprv9",
        "predicate": "sameAs",
        "objectValue": "https://www.encodeproject.org/labs/andrew-fire/",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/1jrmkql8dprv9",
        "predicate": "provenance",
        "objectId": "dc/h2lkz1",
        "objectName": "https://www.encodeproject.org/",
        "objectTypes": [
          "Provenance"
        ],
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/1jrmkql8dprv9",
        "predicate": "pi",
        "objectValue": "https://www.encodeproject.org/users/0db98457-a91e-4cde-b058-a0c972c008e3/",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/1jrmkql8dprv9",
        "predicate": "name",
        "objectValue": "Andrew Z. Fire, Stanford",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/jqclkhdw83dl5",
        "subjectTypes": [
          "EncodeBiosample"
        ],
        "predicate": "lab",
        "objectId": "dc/1jrmkql8dprv9",
        "objectName": "Andrew Z. Fire, Stanford",
        "objectTypes": [
          "Lab"
        ],
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/9pz5fgt9b947h",
        "subjectTypes": [
          "EncodeBiosample"
        ],
        "predicate": "lab",
        "objectId": "dc/1jrmkql8dprv9",
        "objectName": "Andrew Z. Fire, Stanford",
        "objectTypes": [
          "Lab"
        ],
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/8n2ybm28pe3fd",
        "subjectTypes": [
          "EncodeBiosample"
        ],
        "predicate": "lab",
        "objectId": "dc/1jrmkql8dprv9",
        "objectName": "Andrew Z. Fire, Stanford",
        "objectTypes": [
          "Lab"
        ],
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/1jrmkql8dprv9",
        "predicate": "instituteName",
        "objectValue": "Stanford",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/1jrmkql8dprv9",
        "predicate": "encodeUUID",
        "objectValue": "db35b051-215c-4c1c-8e98-610d62d30def",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      },
      {
        "subjectId": "dc/1jrmkql8dprv9",
        "predicate": "awards",
        "objectValue": "https://www.encodeproject.org/awards/R01GM037706/",
        "provenanceId": "dc/h2lkz1"
      }
    ]
  }
}

Error Responses

In general, if your request is malformed in some way, you will receive a 400 status code and an error message like the following:

{
  "code": 3,
  "message": "Missing required arguments: dcids",
  "details": [
    {
      "@type": "type.googleapis.com/google.rpc.DebugInfo",
      "stackEntries": [],
      "detail": "internal"
    }
  ]
}